A wax-like substance, cholesterol is present in the fats that are part of the blood stream. It is an essential chemical compound of the body and contributes in the process of building healthy body cells. However, the high levels of cholesterol can increase the risk of suffering from different kinds of heart conditions. This is because excessively high levels of cholesterol can cause deposition of fatty acids in the blood vessels. The deposits in turn cause a hindrance in the flow of blood through the arteries leading to the possibility of developing several health issues.
High cholesterol may not only trigger cardiovascular disease but also disrupt blood flow to the brain. Thus, it increases the risk of suffering from a stroke. Fortunately, high cholesterol can be effectively treated and managed to keep its harmful effects at bay. Here are some common medications used to treat high levels of cholesterol:
Statins work by blocking out the substance used by the liver to make cholesterol. The liver removes the cholesterol from the blood while the medication makes the body reabsorb the cholesterol that is built-up on the walls of the artery. This in turn reverses the effects of coronary artery conditions.
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors
The inhibitors act by limiting the level of cholesterol absorption from the foods in the diet. This reduces the level of cholesterol in the body. The type of drugs are typically given in combination with statins.
- Resins for bile-acid binding
A substance essential for effective digestion, bile acids are made by the liver with the use of cholesterol. Medications such as colestipol and colesevelam are used to bind the bile acids and thereby lower cholesterol levels.
- Daily physical activity
One must undertake at least 30 minutes of physical exercise. This can include activities such as swimming, walking or even cycling that help in promoting better heart health. Joining activity clubs and performing enjoyable activities can help in staying motivated.
- Healthy diet
Healthy foods such as whole-grains, fruits, and vegetables can immediately boost the levels of good cholesterol. It is also recommended to keep alter cooking methods such as frying as it can promote bad cholesterol levels.
- Lower stress levels
There are numerous studies which point towards a strong link between vascular conditions and stress levels. One may encounter several stressful situations throughout the day, but it is important to find stress-releasing mechanism that work in keep the same under control.
- Avoid excess alcohol intake
The consumption of alcohol in moderate levels is found to increase good cholesterol levels. However, excessive consumption can have the opposite effects. It is best to drink alcohol in moderate levels.
- Monitor cholesterol with doctor supervision
It is essential to regularly visit the physician to ensure that LDL and HDL cholesterol levels are in the healthy range. Also, the intake of trans fats must be reduced while foods with healthy fats must be made a part of the daily diet.